Results of One Health



The ENETWILD Consortium has generated numerous reports and guidelines with the aim of bolstering the establishment of an Integrated One Health disease surveillance which includes wildlife. These outputs address the One Health approach from different sides:

a. How to set up an integrated surveillance at an European scale.

Recommendations on the steps toward establishing an integrated surveillance system involved several phases, including literature reviews and the administration of tailored questionnaires to stakeholders from member states. We delineated the tools and strategies for prioritizing diseases and subsequently described the existing One Health surveillance protocols already in place in Europe and globally.

b. Environmental surveillance.

In the realm of environmental surveillance, we examined the methodologies and strategies required to implement effective surveillance activities for selected diseases for which wildlife plays an important role. Notably, eNA sampling emerged as a cost-effective and sensitive method for detecting pathogen presence on a large scale.

c. The circulation of Avian Influenza among mammals

Regarding the circulation of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) among mammals, the increasing global concern stems from its swift spread and host shifts. Following several outbreaks in mammals, the Consortium conducted a review of their role in the epidemiology of HPAI. Consequently, we formulated recommendations to enhance Avian Influenza surveillance within a One Health framework. While research is ongoing to bridge knowledge gaps on the virus's circulation among mammals, we advocate for prioritizing the wildlife-domestic interface for effective surveillance strategies.